Ghana, located in West Africa just north of the Equator, is between Ivory Coast and Togo. It was formed from the merger of Gold Coast and Togoland in 1957. Its terrain consists of low plains with plateaus in the south-central area. Ghana is rich in natural resources. The southern region dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources. The climate is tropical, and most areas are hot and dry. The name Ghana means 'Warrior King' and was derived from the ancient Ghana Empire.
Life in Ghana
Ghana was listed among The World's Fastest Growing Economy with an economic growth of about 20% in the year 2011. Of the 24.7 million people living in Ghana 11% are unemployed and 28.59% are below the poverty line. Agriculture plays a major role in Ghana's economy with more than half of the labour force working in this sector. The risk of infectious diseases in Ghana, however, is very high which leads to an infant mortality rate of 40 deaths/ 1000 live births. In northwest Ghana, development has been slower than in the southern capital region of Accra and the prevalence of Hep B is currently above average and at critical rates.
Ghana has one of the highest rates of school attendance in West Africa with around 83% of children attending schools. On average it takes about 20 years for a child to complete his/her education in Ghana, but students only spend an average of 10 years in school. This is due to the lack of educational facilities, funds and faculty. There is a shortage of teachers in the country leaving a 91:1 student to teacher ratio in the northern region.
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Learn More About Ghana
Population: Almost 25 million
Life Expectancy: 65 years
Capital City: Accra
Time Zone: GMT (UTC+00:00) same as Great Britain
Known As: Gold Coast (formerly)
Literacy Rate: 71.5%
Independence Day from Britain: March 6th (the first sub-saharan country to gain independence from Britain in 1957)
Home Of: Birthplace of Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations (1997-2006)
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